Scientific Errors in Vedas Part II

Written by Sulaiman Razvi

Read Scientific Errors in Vedas Part 1


Rig Veda 6.72.2 O lords of resplendence and bliss, you bestow light to the dawns; you upraise the sun with his splendour; you prop up the sky with the supporting pillar of the firmament; you spread out the earth, the mother of all. Tr. Satyaprakash Saraswati

Swami Satya Prakash Saraswati gives the meanings of the Sanskrit words in the footnotes,

sanskrit rv 6.72.2

[Rig Veda Samhita, By Satya Prakash Saraswati and Satyakam Vidyalankar, Vol 7, page 2331, 1980 edition, Published by Veda Ptatishthana, New Delhi]


Griffith’s translation, Rig Veda 6.72.2 Ye, Indra-Soma, gave her light to Morning, and led the Sun on high with all his splendour. Ye stayed the heaven with a supporting pillar, and spread abroad apart, the Earth, the Mother. Tr. Ralph T.H. Griffith

Rig Veda 6.47.5 ”This very same exilir of devotional love finds the wavy sea of brilliant colours in fore-front of the dawns, whose dwelling is in firmament. This might exilir sustains the heavens up with a mighty pillar, the sender of rains, the leader of the winds.” Tr. SatyaPrakash Saraswati

Rig Veda 8.41.10 In his successive functions, he emits his  bright rays (dur­ing day) or turns them dark (during the night). He measures out the eternal abode, and supports with the pillar of the firmament, both heaven and the earth.  May all our adver­sities vanish” Tr. SatyaPrakash Saraswati


Rig Veda 10.111.5 The counterpart of heaven and earth is Indra: he knoweth all libations, slayeth Susna. The vast sky with the Sun hath he extended, and, best otpillars, stayed it with a pillar.


Rig Veda 9.74.2 A far-extended pillar that supports the sky…


Yajur Veda 14.5 Upon the back of Aditi I lay thee the sky’s supporter, pillar of the Quarters


Yajur Veda 5.27, Yajur Veda 1.19 Prop heaven [with pillar], fill full the air, on earth stand firmly.



Rig Veda 7.104.11, Atharva Veda 8.4.11 May he be swept away, himself and children: may all the three earths press him down beneath them.






Only the Rishis who created these Mantras knows its meaning.



Rig Veda 1.25.7 He knows the path of birds that fly through heaven (space), and, Sovran of the sea, He knows the ships that are thereon.


Rig Veda 5.59.7 Like birds of air they flew with might in lengthened lines from heaven’s high ridges to the borders of the sky.




I am very eager to know which bird has the capability to fly over the atmospheres?



According to Vedic mythology a demon covers the Sun which causes solar eclipse.

rv 5.40.5-6

Rig Veda 5.40.5-6 O Sūrya, when the Asura’s descendant Svarbhanu, pierced thee through and through with darkness, All creatures looked like one who is bewildered, who knoweth not the place where he is standing. What time thou smotest down Svarbhanu’s magic that spread itself beneath the sky, O Indra, By his fourth sacred prayer Atri disoovered Sūrya concealed in gloom that stayed his function.



Atharva Veda 18.4.89 Within the waters runs the Moon …









Same is repeated in Yajur Veda 33.90 and Rig Veda 1.105.1

चन्द्रमा [Chandrama] = Moon

अप् [Ap] = Water

अन्तरा [Antaraa] = On the way, Runs



Rig Veda 2.17.5 Fast he (Indra) upheld the earth that nourisheth all life, and stayed the heaven from falling by his wondrous skill.

Arya Samaj (Hindu) scholar’s translation,

”…He controls the earth that nourishes us all, and with his skill, stays the heaven from falling. Rig Veda 2.17.5, Tr. SatyaPrakash Saraswati, Vol 4, page 965

As per the Vedas the Heaven is above the Earth, that’s why this verse says Indra holds up the Heaven from falling on the earth.



 Atharva Veda 11.3.33 … With Heaven and Earth as ears, with these I have eaten it…















Atharva Veda 11.3.11 This earth, is the cooking pot, and sun the lid of the Odana (rice) as it is cooking

पृथिवी [Puthvi] = Earth

कुम्भी [Kumbhi] = Cooking pot/Jar

अपिधान [Apidhaan] = Lid

How baby is feeded?

Rig Veda 1.65.2 The Gods approached the ways of holy Law; there was a gathering vast as heaven itself. The waters feed with praise the growing Babe, born nobly in the womb










Atharva Veda 5.23.5 Eastward the Sun is mounting, seen of all, destroying thing unseen, Crushing and killing [with our spells] all the worms invisible and visible.


Atharva Veda 2.32.1. The rising sun shall slay the worms (which lives on earth), the setting sun with his rays shall slay the worms that are within the cattle!


Atharva Veda 12.1.10 May Earth pour out her milk for us…

Atharva Veda 12.3.35 On the earth’s breast stand firmly as supporter..

Atharva Veda 14.2.70 With all the milk that is in Earth




The dairy farm owners are at risk now, because people just have to find the breast of the Earth to get milk for free of cost. Let’s see what Vedas has more to say about the shape of the Earth


Atharva Veda 13.1.16 He goes into the womb of earth







Rig Veda 8.42.2 O Earth and Heaven, within your lap preserve us








Yajur Veda 13.24 Prajâpati settle upon the back of Earth.






Atharva Veda 9.6.17 Spoon, ladle, fork, stirring-prong are the wooden Soma tubs; the earthen cooking-pots are the mortar-shaped Soma vessels; this earth is just the black-antelope’s skin.







Atharva Veda 9.7.2 King Soma is the brain, Sky is the upper jaw, Earth is the lower jaw.





Atharva Veda 11.3.2 Heaven and Earth are the ears, the Sun and Moon are the eyes…


Yajur Veda 11.76 While on earth’s navel Agni is enkindled



Atharva Veda 10.7.32 Be reverence paid to him, that highest Brahma, whose base is Earth, his belly Air, who made the sky to be his head.




How Rain Occurs

The oblation full of cooked articles put into the fire, goes up to the sky. And returns there from full of rain.”- Yajur Veda 3.49, Tr. Devi Chand, p.43.


”We perform the yajna for Vasus, Rudras and Adityas…The desired oblation (Ahuti) reaches the space, comes in contact with air and the light of that sun. It thence brings down rain for us…”- Yajur Veda 2.16, Tr. Devi Chand, p.32-33.


It is mentioned in Brahmana,

Maitrayana Brahmaya 6.37 … ‘The oblation which is properly thrown on the fire, goes toward the sun; from the sun comes rain…”

It is mentioned in Manu Smriti

Manu Smriti 3.76. An oblation duly thrown into the fire, reaches the sun; from the sun comes rain, from rain food, therefrom the living creatures (derive their subsistence).

Krishna says in Gita,
Gita 3.14-15 All living bodies subsist on food grains, which are produced from rains. Rains are produced by performance of yajña [sacrifice], and yajña is born of prescribed duties. Regulated activities are prescribed in the Vedas, and the Vedas are directly manifested from the Supreme Personality of Godhead. Consequently the all-pervading Transcendence is eternally situated in acts of sacrifice.


A Hindu scholar writes why the Sky looks blue and also how rain occurs,

”6. Is it not ether, then, that you see in the sky above, blue and dusty?

A.- No.

Q.- What is it then?

A. It is the fine particles of earth, water and Agni (in the atmosphere). The blue colour is  mainly due to the particles of water in the atmosphere that come down as rain, while the dusty appearance is due to the particles of dust which is carried up from the earth and floats about the air. It is these things that are seen and reflected in water in a mirror, and not ether.”- Satyarth Prakash, Swami Dayanand Saraswati, Ch 8, p.276, Tr. Chiranjiva Bhardwaja.



Suppose If you were to describe that the earth is flat, how would you explain it? You might say earth has ends, earth has four corners and it is four cornered. Every sane person will give this same answer. When you see the article on scientific errors in Bible on Hindu websites, they have no problem quoting a verse from the Bible which says earth has four corners, but have they ever wondered what their scripture says about it.

Rig Veda 7.83.3 The ends of the earth are beheld laid waste…

अंत [Anta]= End


Rig Veda 8.25.18 He who hath measured with his ray the boundaries [ends] of heaven and earth..

The word used in the above verse is Puthvi which means earth, some Hindus may try to escape the argument saying boundaries of Bhumi [land or earth] refers the actual boundaries of nations, but the above verse uses the term Puthvi which particularly refers to earth. The word boundary here is signifying the limits of Earth.

Atharva Veda 15.7.1 He, having become moving majesty, went to the ends of the earth…


Atharva Veda 20.88.1 Him who with might hath propped earth’s ends







Rig Veda 1.62.8 Still born afresh, young Dames, each in her manner, unlike in hue, the Pair in alternation around four sides of earth


”…who has pleasing  tongue of  flames, who sustains the ends of the  earth by his might, and who abides with sovereignity in the three regions of the universe”. Rig Veda 4.50.1, Tr. SatyaPrakash Saraswati, Vol 5, p.1535.

Vedas explicitly states Earth is Four Cornered

Rig Veda 10.58.3 Thy spirit, that went far away, away to the four cornered earth.

Word by Word Sansksrit translation,

यते [Yate] = Your

मन [Mann] = Spirit/Mind

जगाम [Jagaam] = Goes

दूरकम् [Durkam] = Far away

चतुर्भृष्टि [Chaturbhushti/Caturbhrsti] = Four Cornered

भूमि [Bhumi] = Earth


The word Chaturbhusti (also spelled Caturbhrsti) means Four cornered,

Monier-William’s Sanskrit dictionary also gives the same meaning


Moreover the Brahmanas affirms this verse,

Satapatha Brahman …Now this earth is four-cornered, for the quarters are her corners: hence the bricks are four-cornered; for all the bricks are after the manner of this earth.


Now, still some would argue that Rigved verse is not in literal sense and refers to earth as four cornered symbolically. If it really referred to earth as four cornered ”Symbolically” then the Brahmanas would not have likened the shape of the earth with a brick. This verse from the Brahmanas could have been rejected if it was contradictory to the Vedas but both the Vedas and Brahmana says the same thing that the Earth if Four Cornered. A globe cannot have corners, These verses proves that earth is flat as per the Vedas.


Rig Veda 10.62.3 Ye raised the Sun to heaven by everlasting Law, and spread broad earth, the Mother…









”…They are ever the discomfiters of darkness and at the breaking of dawn, scatter the investing glooms to the ends of the earth.”- Rig Veda 6.62.1, Tr. SatyaPrakash Sraswati, page 2183.


Rig Veda 5.47.2 On Four side about the earth and heaven go forth the spacious paths without a limit.







The Earth is stretched out

There is no problem if the Vedas says the earth is stretched out, but after reading about the four cornered earth verses, these verses could be understood in a different manner that the earth is stretched out on all the four corners.

Rig Veda 3.6.5 Great are the deeds of thee, the Great, O Agni: thou by thy power hast spread out earth and heaven.



Rig Veda 10.62.3 Ye raised the Sun to heaven by everlasting Law, and spread broad earth, the Mother

Make sure you read the first part of this article, Scientific Errors in Vedas Part 1